Quality of Education: How to Ensure it in Bangladesh
Introduction : Education is the key to overall development of a nation. But various challenges in the education system of our country mars success achieved so far. Compared to international level education, the systems and standards of our education are not competitive and in a word they lag behind. Lack of a unified curriculum has been the bane of the education sector for the past 46 years of independence. The qualified teachers, institutions and other facilities and lack of political will are the other challenges towards the education of Bangladesh.
Current status of Education in Bangladesh : Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated countries in world with about 160 million people within this small area. So Bangladesh cannot ensure the Participation of all children in schools or any educational institutions. There are many schools, colleges universities administered or assisted by government or non-government organizations but their numbers are fewer than required children. From rural or poverty-stricken areas are less likely to be enrolled or less likely o continue their studies even if they are enrolled. In some cases, they drop out at primary stage, some attend high school and few have the chance to get admitted into universities. Money factors make if impossible to maintain the quality of education in our country.
Factors behind the poor state of education : The precondition for building a strong progressive country is a properly educated populace at every level of education. Thus education system should be appropriate with the time and international standard as well. But the quality of education is quite often ignored and thus resulting ultimately in hindering the progress of our country. The factors that contribute to the poor state of our education are given below.
i. Insufficient and Unqualified Teachers : Inadequate resources hurt the quantity and quality of teachers. Many teachers cannot receive proper training. They don’t understand competency-based curriculum and may not even understand the material they teach. Due to insufficient resources the teachers sometimes are not employed. So educational institutions run their academic activities with less teachers. Chronic recruitment of unqualified teachers also hampers educational progress.
ii. Inadequate Resources : Inadequate resources also hamper education in our country. The government spends most from the national budget in education which is 16.4% of the budget in fiscal year 2017-2018. But it is insufficient in comparison with our requirement. In general, enrollment of students has already risen but the allocation of resources to education remains unchanged, leading to the deterioration of overall quality of education at all levels. About more than half of educational institutes have inadequate infrastructures, textbooks and learning materials.
iii. Political unrest : Political violence in our country hampers the education. Due to it, education institutes remain close for many days of a year. So teachers can not teach their students properly. As a result, the quality of education is often ignored.
iv. Corruption : Bangladesh faces a serious problem of corruption. Moreover, corruption is the most ubiquitous in education sector. Personal greed rather than imparting students leads to the devaluation of education in our country to great extent.
v. Poor and backdated educational materials : Books and other educational materials are not keeping pace with international standard. Besides books of lower qualities are being available in the markets. Students are taking help of guide books of lower qualities which also hamper the quality of our education.
How to ensure the quality of education in Bangladesh : The constitution of our country rightly recognizes and declares education under article 17 as a basic right of the people. Currently a deplorable situation in our country exists. But education system should be appropriate with the time and international standard. have been many serious studies and recommended changes based on such studies by different education commissions since 1972. The changes have been implemented under the different government of independent Bangladesh with various degrees of success. However, unfortunately despite much investment and effort by both the government and private sector, desired level of success in education has not yet been achieved. The below discussion will focus on how to ensure the quality of education in Bangladesh.
Teachers-students Ratio : For the purpose of ensuring quality education in our country there should be teachers-students ratio which will be conductive to take classes. The teachers will not be bored taking the classes and the students will not lose their concentration and they can understand their teachers easily as there will be calm and quite atmosphere in the classroom. One of the most important factors in fostering a healthy standard of education is a low teacher to student ratio or in other word maintaining small class size. In the developed world, where the standards of output are highest, the class sizes are lowest. At the same time the countries that are struggling with maintaining standards have large teacher-student ratios.
Recruitment of qualified teachers : Recruitments of qualified teachers are sometimes hampered due to corruption, personal greed and nepotism. Besides recruitment system has some quota system, which allow weak teachers to enter into this profession. Qualified teachers contribute to the development of poor education of a country to the great extent. So recruitment policy should be transparent and fair.
International standard education materials : In our education system, books of several years ago, un updated books, even books of lower standard are available. But with the passage of time books need to be updated and international standard books and curriculum should be introduced so that our students from all levels can compete with the students of developed countries in the world.
Training and proper facilities for teachers : Most teachers lack of training and are not mentally suitable as teachers and mentors of the minds of the future generations. In many cases, teachers are more interested in private tutoring rather than mentoring and teaching in regular classes and students greatly suffer from this both academically and financially. So the teachers need to be trained up so that they can teach students properly and creatively and facilities for teachers should be given so that they can concentrate on their regular classes and teaching students in proper way. In this way, the quality of education can be ensured so that qualified students above all talented graduate students join this profession.
Infrastructural Development: The lack of the most basic facilities such as chairs, tables, water, electricity and even toilet discourages students and teachers to learn and teach properly. Every educational institute should also have a library with the collection of enriched books. So every institution should be facilitated with modern amenities so that calm and quite atmosphere for reading and learning is found. Classrooms should be friendly and technologically up to date and clean.
Creation of competitive minds among the students : Competition among the students should be created in on WVS Retaining weak students for a year should not be considered an option and since funding is provided for all students, extra care must be provided to weaker students so that they have the chance to reduce the gap with better students. Comparative results are very detrimental. That’s why many developed countries avoid publishing comparative results. Evaluation should remain unpublished and used only for identifying student’s needs. Frequent exam stress makes education intimidating and forces students to depend on memorization. So such exams should be phrased out and evaluation should be made upon frequent class texts and class performance. Creative but weak students should be given vocational education.
Eradication of corruption and political unrest : Corruption hinders the progress of education. Due to it weaker teachers are recruited and the institutes lose their standard. Political stability ensures the continuation of educational programmes smoothly and freely.
Increasing national budget for education: Education is considered backbone of a nation. So the government should give the priority though the government gives but it is less than required. A large budget for the of education sectors is needed to ensure the participation of all children in primary level and of the students in higher levels. thus the quality of education can be ensured.
Conclusion: Education no doubt play an important role in building a country scientifically, technologically, morally and loped. So we have to achieve quality education so that we can compete with other developed countries of the world. We are still lagging in education but quite hopeful that we will be able to provide our young generation with qualitative education and education and have an educationally enriched country in near future.