Figures of Speech in details
Figures of speech are the ornaments of language. The term figure comes from the Latin word Figure, which means the form or shape of an object. From this original sense of the word, the secondary meaning of "something remarkable” has been derived. When we say: “Chaucer is the father of English poetry', it is a figurative language, which means that: as a father gives birth to his child so Chaucer brings a new form of poetry in the English language.
Thus it is a form of expression that deviates from the ordinary meaning for the sake of greater and more pleasing effect. It makes the language more beautiful. A figure of speech is thus like a rich and ornamental dress in which we clothe an idea for the purpose of making it remarkable and impressive.